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IVF (In Vitro Fertililaztion)

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) – is a reproductive method of infertility treatment that allows conducting and following out all stages of fertilization and embryo cultivation outside of a woman’s body, in a lab dish instead of a woman’s fallopian tubes. IVF involves stimulating the ovaries, retrieving released eggs, fertilizing the eggs, growing the embryos in a laboratory, and then implanting the embryos in the woman’s uterus to develop naturally.


Main indications to IVF are:
  • Tubal-peritoneal infertility;

  • Endometriosis;

  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome

  • Immune infertility;

  • Male factor infertility such as low sperm count, high number of pathology forms, low motility of sperm, little concentration of sperm;

  • Unexplained infertility;

  • Stimulation for surrogacy program.


A woman that decides to have an IVF procedure mostly knows her reason and has had a long journey already. The decision is made by a woman or by the couple together with a reproductive specialist based on such factors:


  • Age of a woman and her partner;

  • Diagnosis of a woman and her partner; or diagnosis of a single woman.

  • Period of infertility;

  • Results of previous infertility treatments.


The age of a woman is very essential for the IVF procedure. Antimullerian hormone checkup is an essential test to control the ovarian reserve level. Women after 40 have lower chances to have their own genetically related baby through IVF because their ovarian reserve drops significantly.


If a woman has a big number of unsuccessful IVF treatments more than 3, it is worth considering egg donation or even surrogacy, whether the infertility factor is untreatable endometriosis, immune or unexplained infertility factor.

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